Corruption cases in Indonesia become a serious concern for the government since they potentially inhibit the development and have an impact on the performance of the economy in Indonesia. In order to run optimally, the government is currently prioritizing the aspects of preventing corruption by increasing the role of the government’s Internal Supervision apparatus (APIP). The strategy pursued to strengthen the synergy between the government’s Internal supervision apparatus (APIP) and law enforcement officers (APH) in preventing corruption.

The synergy in the collaboration of APIP and APH is based on Article 385 of Law Number 23 of 2014 concerning Local Government which confirms that APIP and APH when receiving complaints from the public indicating corruption must conduct group discussions through coordination to determine the next handling steps. If APH receives a complaint, it must coordinate with APIP and if the results of the APH examination prove administrative irregularities, it is transferred to APIP for further regulation, but if the results of the examination prove that there is a corruption violation, they will be processed further by APH. Thus, APIP acts as a filter for complaints of corruption indication cases through audits first. This is what Dhoni Widianto said in the Universitas Diponegoro Post Graduate Program Examination room of FISIP, Wednesday, January 5, 2023.

“Over 2018 – 2020, many complaints indicated corruptions in Central Java, the fact is that there has never been a coordination to conduct a verification process and analysis of community complaints received, even directly handled by their respective agencies. In accordance with the Memorandum of Understanding and the work guidelines for handling public complaints between APIP and APH, there should be an exchange of information, a verification process, an analysis process and a group discussion by the officers of both APIP and APH who will discuss any complaints of indications of corruption through a group discussion. Since the establishment of the collaboration forum, the Inspectorate, Directorate of Special Criminal Investigation and Special Criminal Assistant have set admins and officer who will discuss every complaints of indications of corruption through the official collaboration forum,” said the caretaker of Inspector of Central Java province.

Defending the dissertation “Collaborative Governance in handling public complaints indicating corruption in Central Java Province” in the final examination of the Doctoral Program in Public Administration with the promoter Prof. Dr. Pujiono, M.Hum, Dr. Retno Sunu Astuti,M.Si as co-promoter and Wijayanto, Ph.D as 2nd Co-promoter, according to Dhoni Widianto, in practice, stakeholders involved in collaborating in handling corruption complaints in the Central Java provincial government only involve stakeholder actors from the Inspectorate as APIP with the Special Criminal Assistant to the High prosecutor’s office and the Special Criminal Directorate of the Regional Police as APH. While the involvement of other actors such as the central government in this case inspectorate general of Ministry of Home Affairs and the community and NGO Reporters are not involved in the collaboration process. The reporting society / reporting NGO as a form of community participation in reporting complaints of corruption indications in Central Java province has also never been involved in the APIP and APH forums to verify complaint report documents in accordance to the Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) . Stakeholder involvement in a collaboration has an impact on the sustainability of an activity and the stakeholders involved will also feel the impact and benefits.

“Some recommendations that need to be followed up immediately are: 1) the government needs to establish government regulations governing the scope, implementation of collaboration, financing, socialization, supervision and evaluation of APIP and APH collaboration in handling public complaints indicating corruption in local government administration as according to Article 385 of Law No. 23 of 2014 on Local Government, 2) the Inspectorate General of the Ministry of Home Affairs as the part that initiated the APIP and APH collaboration policy in handling public complaints indicating corruption needs to conduct periodic supervision and program evaluation as a material for policy making at the central level to determine the effectiveness of collaboration nationally. Supervision activities involve elements of other central-level agencies such as the Deputy Attorney General on Special Criminal Affairs and the National Police Criminal Investigation Unit by visiting the area. and 3) Inspectorate as the facilitator of collaboration leadership with the establishment of the joint secretariat by preparing the resources needed in the forum, such as financing, arranging Group meeting schedules, strengthening collaboration Standart operating procedur, and human resources in the secretariat”, said the man born in Pekalongan October 15, 1973.